Pre-eclampsia is associated with a two-fold increase in diabetes: a systematic review and meta analysis
This systematic review and meta-analysis of 21 studies, including more than 2.8 million women, suggests that there is an association of pre-eclampsia with future incident diabetes. The risk of diabetes in women who had experienced preeclampsia was approximately double that of women without a history of pre-eclampsia, and increased to 2.4-fold if type 2 diabetes was considered exclusively. This effect was seen in the first year following delivery and persisted beyond 10 years.
Diabetes is a well-known risk factor for pre-eclampsia. However, pre-eclampsia has not been established as a risk factor for future diabetes.